Chinese simplified

Countries (spoken in): China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, the Philippines and other regions
Official status: China, Singapore, Taiwan
Total speakers: 1,2 billion speakers

Chinese language it forms one of the two branches of Sino-Tibetan family of languages. About one-fifth of the world’s population, or over 1 billion people, speak some form of Chinese as their native language.

Spoken Chinese is distinguished by its high level of internal diversity, though all spoken varieties of Chinese are tonal and analytic.

There are between six and twelve main regional groups of Chinese (depending on classification scheme), of which the most populous (by far) is Mandarin (c. 850 million), followed by Wu (c. 90 million), Min (c. 70 million) and Cantonese (c. 70 million).

There are currently two systems for Chinese characters. The traditional system, still used in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau and Chinese speaking communities (except Singapore and Malaysia) outside mainland China, takes its form from standardized character forms dating back to the late Han dynasty.
The Simplified Chinese character system, developed by the People's Republic of China in 1954 to promote mass literacy, simplifies most complex traditional glyphs to fewer strokes, many to common caoshu shorthand variants.

Chinese characters evolved over time from earliest forms of hieroglyphs. The idea that all Chinese characters are either pictographs or ideographs is an erroneous one: most characters contain phonetic parts, and are composites of phonetic components and semantic Radicals.

Some intresting facts:

  • You must know 1500 hieroglyphs for speaking.
  • You must know 3000 hieroglyphs for reading a newspapers and magazines.
  • Big dictionaries includes 6000-8000 hieroglyphs.
  • The biggest dictionary includes 87 019 hieroglyphs (1994).
Information from Wikipedia

Chinese simplified online translators

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